MODEL FOREST, THAILAND
River watershed, Lampang Province, Thailand
Baht or USD 723/year
deciduous forest with teak (77,894 ha); dry dipterocarp forest
(24,191 ha); evergreen forest (4,186 ha); production teak plantations
(7,052 ha); and shifting cultivation (59,008 ha).
households and 62 villages; traversed by National Highway No.
1 and provincial highway No. 103.
to provide a base for the introduction, testing and adaptation of
‘new’ forest management techniques. In 1977, the Huai Tak Teak Reserve
(4,700 ha) in the NDF was declared a Biosphere Reserve under UNESCO's
Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme. The Mae Yom National Park (1,244
ha) was declared in 1986 and the Tham Pha Thai National Park (56,519
ha) is awaiting gazettement.
In 1999, ITTO approved pre-project funding to promote SFM through
provision of information and a management plan for the establishment
of a MF at NDF. When Thailand joined the RMFP, NDF was proposed as
the site for the development of their RMFP-supported MF.
development of Ngao MF, with its focus on stakeholder partnerships
to demonstrate sound and practical forest and land use practices,
is very timely and critical for Thailand.
considerable stakeholder meetings and discussions, the Ngao MF Partnership
Group was formed and an Interim Committee elected, in October 2001.
At subsequent Interim Committee meetings, it was decided to form a
Ngao MF Development Association and a draft constitution was adopted
in principle. Members include representatives of the Sub-district
Administrative Organisation (SAO), Royal Forest Dept. (RFD), other
government depts., local communities, NGOs and private sector. The
Ngao MF structure is shown in Fig. 4. The Ngao MF field office is
located at the RFD Forest Sector office, Mae Huat, Ngao.
of the Partnership Group visited successful bamboo and medicinal plant
enterprises in Prachinburi, Chachoengsao, Kanchanaburi, and Ang Thong
Provinces, as well as successful NGO operations in Nan and Phrae Provinces.
TO BE ADDRESSED
cultivation and land tenure.
of forest resources.
among local communities, RFD and other government agencies, and
for improved livelihoods and opportunities.
Identification of and consultations with stakeholders.
Ngao MF Partnerships group and Interim Committee establishment and
Study tour to successful medicinal plant and bamboo cultivation,
and processing enterprises in Prachinburi, Chachoengsao, Kanchanaburi,
Ang Thong and Chainat provinces.
Establishment of MF field office, Mae Huat Forest Sector Office.
Socio-economic assessment of households in Ngao MF.
management of wild bamboo with local communities.
Promotion, cultivation and utilisation of paper mulberry.
and demonstration of edible insect farming.
of rain tree planting for wood carving and ‘lac’ production.
of demonstration bamboo farm, including planting of 220 Pai Sang
(Dendrocalamus membraneus), 200 Pai Tong (D. asper) and 500
Pai Ruak (Thyrsostachys siamensis).
of seed/clone bank for local bamboo and medicinal plants, including
planting of 2,000 seedlings of 40 medicinal plant species in a 3
ha demonstration area to promote wider planting of these species
by the local communities.
Development of local C&I for SFM for Ngao MF.
techniques and cultivation of NWFPs (bamboo, rain tree, medicinal
plants, edible insects, etc.)
of forest and related policies, legislation and regulations and
their implications for SFM and the MF Approach.
Development and monitoring of C&I for Ngao MF.
and monitoring of Ngao Demonstration Forest (ITTO-funded activity).
Preparation of workplan and proposal for development of Ngao MF
(joint RFD/RMFP/IMFNS/ITTO activity).
of “best practice” guidelines/manuals for bamboo cultivation, bamboo
sticks and charcoal production.
of mixed deciduous forest.
Translation of IMFNS Model forest development guide into Thai.
of pamphlet, Ngao Demonstration Forest - A Model Forest for SFM
(English and Thai).
Exhibitions at the Huai Tak Biosphere Reserve.
and dissemination of Ngao MF newsletter.
information boards on MF Project set-up in Ngao MF.
summer camp for 60 students from 8 secondary schools to promote
awareness of forest conservation and the MF project.
seedlings of 6 tree species voluntarily planted by local people
in Huai Pong Tong watershed area.
and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Region