MODEL FOREST, MYANMAR
Township, Pyay District, Bago Division (West), Union of Myanmar.
deciduous forest (50, 622 ha), moist forest with bamboo (21,
907 ha) and forest plantations (15, 204 ha).
villages, 2 irrigation dams, electricity power station, hospital,
16 village health care centres, 1 high school, 6 middle schools
and 130 primary schools, sawmills.
MF (PKMF) is located in the midst of Myanmar's natural teak forests
and has been managed for production of timber and NWFPs for almost
a century and a half. The area contains important genetic resources
and old-growth teak stands. Approximately 22% of the MF is occupied
by shifting cultivation and 4% by permanent agriculture.
MF offers an opportunity to implement sound and practical forest/land
use practices through the development of partnerships among all
stakeholders, to address problems of shifting cultivation, forest
use conflicts and over-intensive/illegal logging. The PKMF field
office is located in the Forest Department sub-division office in
Pyay, with a sub-office at the township Forest Department office
has made good progress in the development of partnerships, agro-forestry
and livelihood support. A pilot implementation of the National
Code of Forest Harvesting Practice (COHP) has been initiated
by the Forest Department and Myanmar Timber Enterprise and related
training workshops organised. A distinctive feature of forest harvesting
in Paukkhaung is the continued use of elephants for skidding logs,
which makes it a relatively low-impact activity.
variety of NWFPs are used for both domestic consumption and cash
income, including bamboo, mushrooms, various medicinal plants and
Thanakha (Limonia acidissima), the bark of which is
used to produce a cosmetic.
The PKMF Partnership Group was formed in August 1999. However, regular
Partnership Group meetings were held only after the National Inception
Workshop in July 2000, jointly sponsored by the Forest Department,
RMFP and Japan International Forestry Promotion and Cooperation
PKMF partnership group is composed of government agencies, private
sector, local communities and individuals. Two community- level
partnership groups have been formed with a new group to be formed
in 2002. The partnership structure of PKMF is shown in Fig. 2. As
of end-June 2002, seven PKMF partnership group meetings and three
community-level partnership meetings had been convened.
ISSUES TO BE ADDRESSED
Shifting cultivation, migration, resettlement.
cutting and excessive logging.
to up-dated technical information, facilities and funds.
Inception Workshop, July 2000.
Partnership Committee formation and meetings (quarterly) and community-level
partners meetings (as needed).
Organisation of training workshops for MF members.
Establishment of village-level self-reliance nurseries.
Upgrading of 2 nurseries and distribution of 40,000 seedlings.
demonstration farm, model village to demonstrate efficient wood
fuel use, and 2 ha demonstration bamboo plantation.
of 6 ha Village Agroforestry Demonstration Plot.
Construction of 5 village wells, and distribution of 10 manual
sewing machines and 250 energy-efficient stoves to selected villages.
Training workshops on nursery practices; woodfuel utilization;
construction of energy-efficient woodfuel stoves; agro-forestry;
community forestry; bamboo cultivation and production of value-added
bamboo products; mushroom cultivation; pilot implementation of
national COHP; forest road opening, maintenance and decommissioning;
and field-level C&I for PKMF.
Printing of landuse maps of PKMF.
of degraded Dipterocarp forest on 43 ha in Kyatkon R.F.
of forest and related policies, legislation and regulations, and
their implications on SFM and the MF approach.
for “best practices” in silviculture and management of natural
teak forests; COHP implementation; Thanakha and mushroom cultivation.
survey of the North Nawin catchment.
Translation and distribution of IMFNS Model Forest Development Guide
and RMFP Guidelines for Field-Level C&I for Model Forests.
Signboards erected at RMFP-supported activity sites.
Publication and dissemination of PKMF newsletter (in Myanma), video,
pamphlets, posters, cartoon, etc.
Summer camp for students.
and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Region