MODEL FOREST, CHINA
County, Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China
Yuan or USD 605/year (2001)
towns and 661 villages, 1 college and 2 technical schools, 1,487km
(83% total area) and forest coverage (74.9%), includes bamboo,
hickory, Chinese fir, chestnut and gingko.
the late 1980s, the people and government of Lin'an County realised
that their timber-dependent economy was being adversely affected by
continuing forest loss and degradation. They identified bamboo and
hickory nuts as two non-wood forest products (NWFPs) with economic
potential, and developed them into thriving business activites. More
recently, ecotourism was identified as, and is being developed into,
another important economic activity.
value of forestry was USD218 million; with bamboo contributing USD139
60% of farmer households were involved in bamboo production and
Lin'an had over 150, mainly small-scale, hickory processing plants.
ecotourism sites had been developed.
million tourists visited Lin'an, with a total expenditure of 133
1997, the Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF) and IMFNS discussed the
setting up of MFs in China. In 1999, CAF and Linan Forestry Bureau
(LFB), with support from the IMFNS, organised an international workshop
on MFs in Lin'an, China, after which it was decided to develop Lin’an
MF as the first MF in China. A key purpose for the development of
the Lin'an MF was to consolidate, improve and sustain the expanding
NWFP-based economy, and to create an innovative decision-making system,
as a strategy toward SFM. The Lin’an MF field office is located in
the LFB office.
ad hoc Lin'an MF partnership committee was formed in 1997 by CAF,
LFB, ZFC and a number of other partners. In November 2000, a partnership
committee was formally established with 16 partners, and renamed the
Lin'an Model Forest Partnership Cooperation Committee (LMFPCC). The
LMFPCC constitution was adopted in March 2001. Today, there are 39
partners, with the latest joining on 11 June 2002. The LMFPCC meets
once every three to four months.
partners' and bamboo partners' groups have been formed to discuss
problems and constraints faced in these sub-sectors, including how
to improve the management of, and returns from, these sub-sectors.
Other sub-sector partners' groups may be formed as the need arises.
The Lin'an MF Partnership structure is shown in Fig. 1.
TO BE ADDRESSED
of bamboo monocultures on ecosystem biodiversity, soil erosion and
fertility, and water quality.
management, harvesting and processing of hickory stands.
Appropraite and sustainable ecotourism.development.
Equitable distribution of benefits from above activities.
Development of markets and marketing strategy for bamboo, hickory,
ecotourism and other commodities.
Compatibility of policies with MF Approach and SFM.
Access to up-dated scientific and technical information, facilities,
of LMFPCC and Lin'an MF Secretariat.
to Shanghai and Nanjing by MF partners to exhibit MF products, including
‘unpolluted’ vegetables, and to identify new markets.
workshops for MF partners.
of technical support and other information to MF partners, especially
and bamboo partner’s group meetings as required.
of bamboo and hickory propagation, cultivation, management and processing
(e.g. early bamboo shoot production; safer hickory nut collection
of ecological and environmental impacts of Lei bamboo (Phyllostachys
Assessment of impacts of ecotourism development (environmental and
socio-economic), including on local communities.
Development of ‘best practice’ guidelines for cultivation and management
of bamboo, hickory, ecotourism and partnership development.
Training workshops for Lin'an MF partners on non-hazardous prevention
and control of bamboo shoot aphids; moso bamboo production and processing;
early (autumn) production of bamboo shoots; implications of China's
entry into WTO; "sending technology to 100 villages", model
forest-level C&I, etc.
Participated in International Workshop on Ecotourism Planning
and Management, Oct-Nov 2000, Chengdu, Sichuan.
in national workshops on SFM and forest certification, and C&I.
of forest policy changes and impacts on forest and land use practices
of pilot GIS-based mapping and integrated planning tool.
Translation and distribution of IMFNS Model Forest Development
Guide and RMFP Guidelines for Field-Level C&I for Model Forests.
newsletter and brochures on Lin'an MF.
of VCD and website.
Hosted 1st National forestry scenery resources exposition and
ecotourism festival, and International workshop on MFs and SFM,
and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific Region